Writers' First Review Draft:    (2VA0)

Term    (2W2S)

Infrastructure    (2W2T)

Origin/Source for Inclusion of the Term    (2W2U)

EA Meta Terms suggested by Ira Grossman    (2W2V)

OMB Context Definition    (2W2W)

Reference/URL OMB Context Definition    (2W2X)

Business Definition    (2W2Y)

1) An underlying base or foundation especially for an organization or system. 2) The basic facilities, services, and installations needed for the functioning of a community or society, such as transportation and communications systems, water and power lines, and public institutions including schools, post offices, and prisons.    (2W2Z)

Reference/URL for Business Definition    (2W30)

Answer.com Search Page; Available from http://www.answers.com/topic/infrastructure ; Internet; Accessed 30 June 2005    (2W31)

Technical Definition    (2W32)

Infrastructure is the set of interconnected structural elements that provide the framework for supporting the entire structure. The term is often used very abstractly. For instance, software engineering tools are sometimes described as part of the infrastructure of a development shop, and the term infrastructural capital in economics may be overly broad, as it includes a range from clothing to a continent-spanning canal system. This term can overlap with the notion of internal improvements and public works (see American System (economics)).    (2W33)

Reference/URL Technical Definition    (2W34)

Wikipedia; Available from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infrastructure ; Internet; Accessed 30 June 2005    (2W35)

Context Definition 1    (2W36)

Urban Planning Usage. The term is used most often in an urban planning context to denote the facilities that support specific land uses and built environment. This definition focuses on urban infrastructure concerns to avoid the more political issues above. See also public infrastructure, municipal infrastructure and rural infrastructure.    (2W37)

Typically, infrastructure in the urban context denotes two general groups of support systems: transportation modalities (roads, rail, etc.) and utilities. These typically compose both public and private systems, and some ambiguously held in common.    (2W38)

Infrastructure may also refer to necessary municipal or public services, whether provided by the government or by private companies. If provided by nature, e.g. the flow of a river, they are called nature's services and are distincted (at least in economics) as the product of natural capital. This may be augmented or directed by infrastructural capital, e.g. a dam or canal or irrigation ditch. In general what is called infrastructure tends to be very embedded in the natural landscape and cannot be moved from place to place. Even municipal services rely necessarily on fixed locations, e.g. fire stations in central positions in a city, radio towers on tall buildings, etc"    (2W39)

Reference/URL Context Definition 1    (2W3A)

From Marketing Teacher. Home Page online. Available from http://www.marketingteacher.com/Lessons/lesson_value_chain.htm ; Internet, Accessed 30 June 2005.    (2W3B)

Context Definition 2    (2W3C)

Reference/URL for Context Definition 2    (2W3D)

Context Definition 3    (2W3E)

Reference/URL for Context Definition 3    (2W3F)

See Also Related Terms    (2W3G)